Fedor Yakovlevich Alekseev the creator of the Painting Palace in Tsaritsyno in the Vicinity of Moscow was the first Russian painter that achieved success in painting town landscape. From 1766-1773 he studied landscape paintings in the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. There he spent three years in Venice studying scene-paintings. After his return to Russia he was compelled to work as a decorator in the Theater School, although he originally wanted to paint landscapes.After he became popular copying the works of the famous Italian and French landscapists Canaletto, Bellotto, Robert and Vernet, was he allowed to gratify his desires. Among his best known works in the 1790s were View of the Castle of St. Peter and Paul and Palace Sea-front (1793), View of the Palace Sea-front From the Castle of St. Peter and Paul(1791). For these pictures he was nominated an academician. The following years he traveled in the South of Russia, where he painted several town landscapes of the towns he visited. In 1800 Emperor Paul I ordered him to paint a series of views of Moscow. He and his pupils spent more than a year in Moscow and they produced 58 watercoulors, some of them are Palace in Tsaritsyno in the Vicinity of Moscow (1800-1802), The Monastery of Trinity and St. Sergius (1800-1802), View of Moscow Near the Iversky Gate of the Kremlin (1800-1802), The Foundling Hospital in Moscow (1800-1802).