A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host, held partly to amuse one another and partly to refine the taste and increase the knowledge of the participants through conversation.
The salon was an Italian invention of the 16th century which flourished in France throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. The salon continued to flourish in Italy throughout the 19th century.
One important place for the exchange of ideas was the salon. The word salon first appeared in France in 1664. Literary gatherings before this were often referred to by using the name of the room in which they occurred, like cabinet. Before the end of the 17th century, these gatherings were frequently held in the bedroom (treated as a more private form of drawing room) a lady, reclining on her bed, would receive close friends who would sit on chairs or stools drawn around. The first renowned salon in France was the Hôtel de Rambouillet not far from the Palais du Louvre in Paris, which its hostess, Roman-born Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet (1588–1665), ran from 1607 until her death. She established the rules of etiquette of the salon which resembled the earlier codes of Italian chivalry.
In the picture you can tell that high class people were attending in the salon, the chandelier at the top looks as if made out of crystals, and only a person of high class could be able to afford it. You can also conclude from the cloths each person is wearing that they are also of high standards. The pictures on the walls indicate that they people aren’t isolated from the world and there families because there are picture frames of people hung up. And lastly you can conclude that men and woman were more so treated fairly and somewhat equally because the men and woman aren’t separated, they are sitting in the same place together.