Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution.
Bacon has been called the father of empiricism-observation. His works established and popularized inductive methodologies for scientific analysis, often called the Baconian method, or simply the scientific method. His demand for a planned procedure of investigating all things natural marked a new turn in the rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, much of which still surrounds conceptions of proper methodology today.
Bacon was knighted in 1603, and created Baron Verulam in 1618 and Viscount St. Alban in 1621; as he died without heirs, both honors became extinct upon his death. He died of pneumonia, supposedly contracted while studying the effects of freezing on the preservation of meat.
Born 22 January 1561 Strand, London, England
Died 9 April 1626 (aged 65) High gate, Middlesex, England
Alma mater Cambridge University